Five Financial Imperatives for Young Adults

The way you handle your money when you are younger can have a dramatic impact on your quality of life as you get older. Here are five financial lessons you must learn if you are to maintain your financial security in the future.

Write it All Down

The first step in organizing your finances is to write everything out. Make a list of the things that you spend money on. Include everything that you know you will buy during a normal month, such as your utility bills, car payments, house payments or rent, groceries, gasoline, and entertainment.

Don’t forget to include special expenditures that happen on an irregular basis, like car tag renewals or birthday presents. Once you have a complete list of what you spend, you can compare that to the amount of money that you earn.

Recognizing What You Want versus What You Need

If your spending habits exceed your earnings, you will need to make some changes to your budget. Look at the items you usually buy and determine if those items are things you really need or things you really want.

Keep the necessities, but cut back on the things that are not vital. You should always allow yourself a certain amount of money for entertainment, but make sure that it is an amount that you can comfortably afford.

Control Your Credit

Credit will be an important part of your financial life. A good credit rating can lead to better interest rates on loans for cars or mortgages, as well as better rates on auto and health insurance. Make sure you check your credit rating at least once every year to make sure it is accurate. You can keep your rating positive by paying debts in a timely manner.

Try to use credit cards sparingly. Remember that a credit card is really just a convenient bank loan. When you make a purchase using credit, make sure it is an amount that you can pay in full when your next credit card bill comes. Carrying a balance over several months accrues expensive interest payments that make your purchase much more expensive than it was originally.

Begin Retirement Investments Early

The earlier you begin saving money toward your retirement, the better your later years of life will be. It can seem strange to put money away for your senior years when you are just starting out in life, but you need all of that time to create a nest egg that will allow you to do what you want to do when you retire.

Remember that you are planning for a time when you will not work at all, which means that your savings will have to cover all of your expenses. On average, people are living 20 – 30 years after they retire, which means you need to save enough to pay for up to 30 years of life without a regular income.

Create a Safety Net

Unexpected things happen to everyone. Make sure you always keep some money in a savings account to help cover expenses when your car breaks down or you need to replace an appliance. Emergencies can cut deeply into your regular budget if you do not have any savings to help cover the costs.